Support
New
Your location:Home > Support > 技术支持

The Applications of VRB

2016/12/8 14:49:59
Benefits of ESS along the electricity value chain

Key characteristics of storage systems for particular applications in the energy system

Key characteristics of storage systems for particular applications in the energy system

Application

Size (MW)

Discharge duration

Cycles (typical)

Response time

Seasonal storage

500 to 2000

Days to months

1 to 5 per year

day

Arbitrage

100 to 2000

8 hours to 24 hours

0.25 to 1 per day

>1 hour

Frequency regulation

1 to 2000

1 minute to 15 minutes

20 to 40 per day

1min

Load following

1 to 2000

15 minutes to 1 day

1 to 29 per day

<15min

Voltage support

1 to 40

1 second to 1 minute

10 to 100 per day

millisecond

to second

Black start

0.1 to 400

1 hour to 4 hours

< 1 per year

<1 hour

Transmission and Distribution(T&D) congestion relief

10 to 500

2 hours to 4 hours

0.14 to 1.25 per day

>1hour

T&D infrastructure investment deferral

1 to 500

2 hours to 5 hours

0.75 to 1.25 per day

>1hour

Demand shifting and peak reduction

0.001 to 1

Minutes to hours

1 to 29 per day

<15 min

Off-grid

0.001 to 0.01

3 hours to 5 hours

0.75 to 1.5 per day

<1hour

Variable supply resource integration

1 to 400

1 minute to hours

0.5 to 2 per day

<15 min

Spinning reserve

10 to 2000

15 minutes to 2 hours

0.5 to 2 per day

<15 min

Non-spinning reserve

10 to 2000

15 minutes to 2 hours

0.5 to 2 per day

<15 min

Sources: IEA (2014a)